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Understanding Anemia

Understanding Anemia

  • Blood is made up of red blood cells, White blood cells and pletelets.
  • If the red blood cells or hemoglobin is less in blood then that leads to anemia.
  • Hemoglobin carries oxygen to your body’s organs and tissues and transports carbon dioxide from your organs and tissues back to your lungs.
  • How common is it?
    Anemia is present in around 50% of the children under 5 years. In india it is prevalent in 70% of the kids from 6 months to 5 years.
    It is more common in young children, adolescents and pregnant woman.
  • Symptoms?
    • Tiredness,
    • Lack of energy,
    • Feeling irritated,
    • Headache,
    • Giddiness,
    • Breathlessness while walking even short distances.
    • Slow healing of wounds.
    • Slower growth and development.
    • Pale skin
    • Menstrual irregularities in adolescent girls.

    Always visit your doctor in case of any doubt.

  • Diagnosis?
    Your doctor may suggest a blood test if you have any of these symptoms.
    Doctor might see clinically for Anemia in conjunctiva, tongue, nails etc and then guide you further.
    If required, he/she may even suggest you special test like Thalassemia or bone marrow examination.
  • Awareness on Talassemia is important. People with Thalassemia are not able to make enough haemoglobin or makes in an abnormal form.
  • Caise?
    • Decrease in the production of RBC’s or hemoglobin
    • Lack of iron, vitamins.
    • Increased destruction of RBC’s in Thalassemia, sickle cells.
    • Loss of more blood during menstruation of injury.
  • Treatment?
    • Doctor may give you some iron or vitamin tablets.
    • Doctor may check your medicines to see if any medicine is causing Anemia.
    • Blood transfusion may be required in case of serve Anemia.
    • Include iron rich foods in your diet like: green peas, bok-choy, brussel sprouts, raisins, soy beans, broccoli, pumpkin seeds, beet root, ragi etc.


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